By Noah J. Efron
Scholars have struggled for many years to give an explanation for why Jews have succeeded extravagantly in smooth technological know-how. a number of arguable theories—from such intellects as C. P. Snow, Norbert Wiener, and Nathaniel Weyl—have been promoted. Snow hypothesized an developed genetic predisposition to medical luck. Wiener recommended that the breeding behavior of Jews sustained hereditary features conducive for studying. Economist and eugenicist Weyl attributed Jewish highbrow eminence to "seventeen centuries of breeding for scholars."
Rejecting the concept that Jews have performed good in technological know-how due to uniquely Jewish features, Jewish brains, and Jewish behavior of brain, historian of technology Noah J. Efron ways the Jewish affinity for technology in the course of the geographic and cultural situations of Jews who have been forced to settle in new worlds within the early 20th century.
Seeking reduction from non secular persecution, hundreds of thousands of Jews resettled within the usa, Palestine, and the Soviet Union, with huge concentrations of settlers in long island, Tel Aviv, and Moscow. technological know-how performed a wide function within the lives and livelihoods of those immigrants: it was once a common strength that transcended the arbitrary outdated international orders that had lengthy ensured the exclusion of all yet a number of Jews from the seats of strength, wealth, and public esteem. even if the 3 locations have been a long way aside geographically, the hyperlinks one of the groups have been enduring and lively. This shared experience—of dealing with the long run in new worlds, either actual and conceptual—provided a iteration of Jews with possibilities not like any their mom and dad and grandparents had known.
The tumultuous contemporary century of Jewish heritage, which observed either a methodical crusade to blot out Europe's Jews and the inexorable absorption of Western Jews into the societies during which they now stay, is illuminated by way of where of honor technological know-how held in Jewish imaginations. technological know-how was once critical to their desires of constructing new worlds—welcoming worlds—for a persecuted people.
This provocative paintings will attract historians of technology in addition to students of faith, Jewish stories, and Zionism.
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A Chosen Calling (Medicine, Science, and Religion in Historical Context) by Noah J. Efron