By Jürgen Potthoff,Ingobert C. Schmid
By Jürgen Potthoff,Ingobert C. Schmid
By Merhdad Zarandi,Merhdad M. Zarandi,Giovanni Monastra
By Jessica Ratcliff
By Steven Yearley
Eileen Crist, affiliate Professor, technological know-how & expertise in Society, Virginia Tech
Science is on the middle of latest society and is consequently imperative to the social sciences. but technological know-how reviews has frequently encountered resistance from social scientists. This booklet makes an attempt to therapy this by means of giving the main vast, thorough and top argued account of the sphere and explaining to social scientists why technological know-how concerns to them.
This is a landmark publication that demystifies technology reports and effectively bridges the divide among social concept and the sociology of technology. Illustrated with suitable, illuminating examples, it offers the suitable consultant to technology experiences and social theory.
By Martin Carrier,Don Howard,Janet Kourany
In The problem of the Social and the strain of Practice, philosophers, sociologists, and historians of technological know-how provide a multidisciplinary view of the complicated interrelationships of values in technology and society in either modern and old contexts. They learn the influence of commercialization and politicization on epistemic aspirations, and, conversely, the moral dilemmas raised by way of “practically suitable” technology in latest society. for instance, a lot clinical study over the last sector century has been guided by means of the financing that helps it. What influence has this had at the caliber of study produced and the development of actual knowledge?
The participants exhibit how social values impact objectivity, thought, and the course of inquiry, and think about the byproducts of exterior worth structures in subject matters similar to “expertise” and “socially strong knowledge,” between others. They view science's personal inner price structures, the sooner disconnection of societal values from the clinical method, and the plausibility of “value loose” science.
The problem of the Social and the strain of Practice provides an in-depth research that areas the function of values on the heart of philosophical debate and increases questions of morality, credibility, and the longer term function of values in medical inquiry.
By Lesley B. Cormack,Andrew Ede
A background of technology in Society is a concise assessment that introduces complicated principles in a non-technical model. Andrew Ede and Lesley B. Cormack hint the historical past of technological know-how via its continuously altering position in society and discover the hyperlink among the pursuit of data and the need to make that wisdom useful.
In this variation, the authors study the powerful highbrow trade among East and West and supply new discussions of 2 ladies in technology: Maria Merian and Maria Winkelmann. A bankruptcy at the dating among technological know-how and warfare has been extra in addition to a bit on weather switch. The additional readings part has been up to date to mirror contemporary contributions to the sector. different new good points contain timelines on the finish of every bankruptcy, 70 upgraded illustrations, and new maps of Renaissance Europe, Captain James Cook's voyages, the second voyage of the Beagle, and the most conflict entrance in the course of global conflict I.
By Andrea Tone,Elizabeth Siegel Watkins
With americans paying greater than $200 billion every year for prescription tablets, the pharmaceutical company is the main ecocnomic within the state. the recognition of pharmaceuticals in fresh many years has remade the doctor/patient courting, instituting prescription-writing and pill-taking as a vital part of clinical perform and daily life.
Medicating sleek America examines the meanings at the back of this pharmaceutical revolution during the interconnected histories of 8 of the main influential and critical medicines: antibiotics, temper stabilizers, hormone substitute treatment, oral contraceptives, tranquilizers, stimulants, statins, and Viagra. All of those medications were well known, ecocnomic, influential, and arguable, and the authors take a historic method of learning their improvement, prescription, and intake. this angle locates the histories of prescription medicinal drugs in particular cultural contexts whereas revealing the level to which modern debates approximately pharmaceutical medications echo matters voiced via american citizens within the past.
Exploring the wealthy and multi-faceted heritage of pharmaceutical medicines within the usa, Medicating sleek America unveils the untold tales at the back of America's pharmaceutical obsession.
Contributors comprise: Robert Bud, Jennifer R. Fishman, Jeremy A. Greene, David Healy, Suzanne White Junod, Ilina Singh, Andrea Tone, and Elizabeth Siegel Watkins.
By Heinrich Rose
By James Q. Davies,Ellen Lockhart
Sound Knowledge examines how medical fact was once accumulated through visible and aural adventure, and, in flip, how musical wisdom used to be positioned in terms of empirical medical perform. James Q. Davies and Ellen Lockhart assemble paintings through major students to discover an important sixty-year interval, starting with Charles Burney’s bold General historical past of Music, a four-volume learn of tune all over the world, and increasing to the nice Exhibition of 1851, the place musical tools have been assembled along the applied sciences of technological know-how and within the massive glass-encased collections of the Crystal Palace. Importantly, because the contributions convey, either the facility of technological know-how and the facility of track depended on functionality, spectacle, and test. eventually, this quantity units the degree for a brand new photograph of recent disciplinarity, shining mild on an period earlier than the department of aural and visible knowledge.
By Noah J. Efron
Scholars have struggled for many years to give an explanation for why Jews have succeeded extravagantly in smooth technological know-how. a number of arguable theories—from such intellects as C. P. Snow, Norbert Wiener, and Nathaniel Weyl—have been promoted. Snow hypothesized an developed genetic predisposition to medical luck. Wiener recommended that the breeding behavior of Jews sustained hereditary features conducive for studying. Economist and eugenicist Weyl attributed Jewish highbrow eminence to "seventeen centuries of breeding for scholars."
Rejecting the concept that Jews have performed good in technological know-how due to uniquely Jewish features, Jewish brains, and Jewish behavior of brain, historian of technology Noah J. Efron ways the Jewish affinity for technology in the course of the geographic and cultural situations of Jews who have been forced to settle in new worlds within the early 20th century.
Seeking reduction from non secular persecution, hundreds of thousands of Jews resettled within the usa, Palestine, and the Soviet Union, with huge concentrations of settlers in long island, Tel Aviv, and Moscow. technological know-how performed a wide function within the lives and livelihoods of those immigrants: it was once a common strength that transcended the arbitrary outdated international orders that had lengthy ensured the exclusion of all yet a number of Jews from the seats of strength, wealth, and public esteem. even if the 3 locations have been a long way aside geographically, the hyperlinks one of the groups have been enduring and lively. This shared experience—of dealing with the long run in new worlds, either actual and conceptual—provided a iteration of Jews with possibilities not like any their mom and dad and grandparents had known.
The tumultuous contemporary century of Jewish heritage, which observed either a methodical crusade to blot out Europe's Jews and the inexorable absorption of Western Jews into the societies during which they now stay, is illuminated by way of where of honor technological know-how held in Jewish imaginations. technological know-how was once critical to their desires of constructing new worlds—welcoming worlds—for a persecuted people.
This provocative paintings will attract historians of technology in addition to students of faith, Jewish stories, and Zionism.